Legal and ethical standards in publication of article

 | Post date: 2017/10/4 | 
  • Authorship criteria and contributions

Based on the recommendations by the ICMJE about the conduct, reporting, editing and publication of scholarly work in medical journals, all authors should have made significant conceptual, intellectual, experimental, and analytical contributions to the research, as well as having participated in writing and revising the manuscript. Also each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to be responsible for its content. All authors should meet the mentioned criteria in ICMJE about authorship and if nobody meets them, they will be omitted from the list. The authors should ensure that all persons that have provided general support including, technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson are listed in the acknowledgment section. The copyright should be contained written authorization from all authors for publication of the manuscript. Authors should be agreed the order of author listed in the manuscript before submitting it.
Each author should follow all criteria recommended by the ICMJE as following conditions:

1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND
4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
   All authors should meet all above criteria for authorship, and therefore the one who meet then should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet the mentioned criteria should be listed in the acknowledgement section. All authors listed in the submitted manuscript should be able to resolute the questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work. Therefore, the corresponding author should be cleared the authors and also the other persons that do not constitute authorship including the ones contribute funding, data collection, or general supervision of the research group. The corresponding author should write the order of authors in the cover letter and should be assigned by all authors.  
Changes in authorship
Before submitting the manuscript in this journal , the authors should be agreed with the authors listed in the manuscript. Any requested changes in authorship including, order, addition, and deletion should be explained in a letter to the editor signed by all authors or email from each author.
Clinical trial registration: According to the International Committee of Medical journal Editors (ICMJE) "a Clinical Trial is any research study that prospectively assigns human participants or groups of humans to one or more health-related interventions to evaluate the effects on health outcomes". Authors from this kind of work should register their trial with one of the ICMJE-recognized trial registries. The number of clinical trial registration and the name of registry must be appeared in the "Materials and methods" section. All Iranian clinical trials must be registered in Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (www.irct.ir) to consider for publication. The clinical trials that have been registered in any registration site approved by WHO, could be considered for publication. The registration site approved by WHO are as follow:
- http://rctregistry.tums.ac.ir
- http://www.clicicaltrials.gov
- http://www.anzctr.org.au
- http://isrctn.org
- http:// www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/index.asp
- http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr

Accepted Articles
- Original/ Research Articles which are the result of author(s') research findings.
- Review Articles include a general review of a scientific subject. The author of such articles should be a professional and have an adequate scientific background in the context of discussion. The review article is required to be written using authoritative and new sources and references; at least five cases of the references should be original articles published by the author(s).
- Short Communication should have an independent, but brief summary of research findings. Its core consists of personal ideas and claims.
- Letter to the Editor can be called the shortest non-scholarly article, which is the subject of one article in the journal.
  • The authors should consider the following issues when submitting their manuscripts to this Quarterly:
- ohhp still is not a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), but we are committed to implementing the principles of it. We're trying to be a member in the future but follows the guidelines of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), for information on this matter in publishing and ethical guidelines please visit COPE.
- This Quarterly is committed to publish articles that have neither been published in, nor submitted to any other journals.
- If it becomes evident that the data, figures, or any other item contained in a manuscript are manipulated or distorted, the manuscript will then be removed from the publish process.
- All the authors mentioned in a manuscript should have a significant scientific contribution in it. They are also required to confirm the findings of the study. According to the criteria provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the criteria for a person to be known as an author include:
A) Sufficient participation in the design, perception, collection, analysis, and interpretation of research data
B) Composition of the original text or critical review to investigate its important information content
- Authors are responsible for the article's content and should be responsive to the claims of those who cooperated in research conduction and composition process.
- The corresponding author should be responsive to any legal claims regarding the copyright.
- To observe ethical standards in trials, clinical researches, and studies conducted on animals the Helsinki Declaration (International Association for Medical Practice) should be considered. Issues such as protection of medical secrets, patients' satisfaction and anonymity, as well as conflict of interests are also crucial.
- The authors should disclose all affiliations considered as conflict of interests. Since authors' conflict of interest is part of the research ethics, the journal will have the right to make any decision about articles that did not mention conflict of interests. The journal will not respond to disputes and complaints from authors and sponsors in this case.
- The corresponding author is legally responsiblele for not including all authors' names.
- The journal is not responsible for any claims among authors or authors with other authorities.
- The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the manuscript's content, the arrangement of authors' names, any legal claims about Copy Right or content, and should respond to economic suppliers of research.
- Publication of a manuscript that has already been presented as a lecture or poster in conferences or published in abstracts of articles is permitted.
ohhp is a non-for-profit journal. As an open access( no charge) journal, ohhp makes all publications immediately available to any reader, any where. There is no publication fees and submission fees. All articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download upon publication. Permitted (re) use is defined by Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY).
- The journal reserves the right to make any corrections to the structure and content of the submitted articles.
- Making changes to the manuscript is only possible before publication and with the request of the corresponding author.
- All manuscripts are confidential and are reviewed by professionals (at least 3 referees) selected by the editor in chief. The corresponding author will be notified as soon as possible about the rejection, acceptance, or required modifications. If the submitted text is completely prepared according to the criteria of this manual, it will be accepted and published in the next issues of the journal.
- The authors of manuscript should present their written and signed acceptance letter for the order of authors' names. They should also provide the journal with the Copy Right.
- The submitted manuscript must contain the Article Publishing License letter signed by all authors. In this letter all authors warrantee that the manuscript has neither been published (in Persian or English) nor sent to other journals for publication.
- All submitted manuscripts will be reviewed and those with possible unethical and illegal issues will be specified and removed from the publication process.

Misconduct
Scientific misconduct includes fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism with the intent to deceive by the authors. Honest error or differences in interpretation are not considered misconduct. Breaches of publication ethics include but are not limited to: failure to reveal financial conflicts of interest; omitting a deserving author or adding a noncontributing author; misrepresenting publication status in the reference list; self-plagiarism without attribution; duplicate or redundant publication; and inclusion of one or more sentences verbatim from another source without citing the original source and putting the sentence(s) in quotation marks.
This journal takes seriously its responsibility to ensure scientific integrity and will pursue any allegations of misconduct. The JEHSD editors adhere to the COPE Code of Conduct, which can be found at http://publicationethics.org/resources/code-conduct. Charges of academic dishonesty, including plagiarism, duplicate, and redundant publication will be managed according to COPE guidelines.
If the Scientific Integrity Panel concludes there is a reasonable possibility of misconduct, they will consider any of the following options, dependent upon the apparent magnitude of the misconduct. Responses may be applied separately or combined, and their implementation will depend on the circumstances of the case as well as the responses of the participating parties and institutions. The following options are ranked in approximate order of severity:

  • A letter of explanation (and education) sent only to the person(s) against whom the complaint is made, where there appears to be a genuine and innocent misunderstanding of principles or procedure.
  • A letter of reprimand to the person(s) against whom the complaint is made, warning of the consequences of future such instances, where the misunderstanding appears to be not entirely innocent.
  • A letter of reprimand to all co-authors on the paper informing them of the findings of the Panel and warning of the consequences of future such instances.
  • A formal letter as above, including a written request to the supervising institution(s) that an investigation be carried out and the findings of that inquiry be reported in writing to the journal.
  • Publication of a notice of redundant or duplicate publication or plagiarism, if appropriate and unequivocally documented. Such publication will not require approval of authors, and may also be reported to their institution and, if appropriate, funding agency.
  • Formal withdrawal or retraction of the paper from the scientific literature, published in the journal. 

Plagiarism
All received manuscripts will be reviewed and sections that may lead to plagiarism will be identified. Re-publishing, translating, or providing an article to other journals without permission is considered as violation of the Publish and Research law.
If it becomes evident that a manuscript is simultaneously in peer review process of another journal or has been published somewhere else, it will immediately be excluded from the investigation process and thus subjected to the law of duplicate publication.Furthermore, if it becomes evident that the data, images, or any part of a manuscript are manipulated or distorted, then it will be subjected to the law of distortion and data creation.
Complaints Procedures

All studies must be approved by the rele­vant Ethics Committee/ Institution review boards of the respective institutions. Informed consent of the patients participating in the study should be under­taken.
   Ethical considerations in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation must be addressed in the ‘Materials and methods’ section, if necessary. The journal will not consider any manuscript which is ethically unacceptable. It is the responsibility of the authors/contributors to obtain permissions for reproducing any copyrighted material. Evidence for approval by a local Ethics Committee (for both human as well as animal studies) must be supplied by the authors on demand. The related items should be inserted under the ‘Materials and methods’ section. A copy of the permission must accompany the manuscript.  As mentioned previously, conflicts of interest should be declared obviously in each manuscript.
   Plagiarism of text from a previously published manuscript by the same or another author is a serious publication offence. Small amounts of text may be used, but only where the source of the material quoted is clearly acknowledged and the text is inserted in quotation mark. If there is an allegation of plagiarism, scientific misconduct or fraud, the journal will follow the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics, COPE (http://publicationethics.org/) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, ICMJE (http://www.icmje.org/). The Journal reserves the right to report the allegations to the author’s institution or any other agency.
   Once approved to be published in the journal, the manuscript cannot be published elsewhere (even local journals with English language). “The Authors' Statement and Copyright Form” should be filled and signed by all the authors, and then scanned and emailed by corresponding author to the journal office (ohhp@ssu.ac.ir).
   Submitting a manuscript must be accompanied with a statement from the authors disclosing all financial, personnel or other relationships that might bias their work, if any. Besides, they are requested to evident whether impending conflicts do or do not exist. A separate page should cover this proclamation and if there are further details, could be mentioned in covering letter. If an organization encompasses any financial interest in the outcome of the study, the authors are appealed to provide a declaration that has full excess to all data in the study and take complete responsibility for the integrity of data and the accuracy of data analysis.

Copyright policy
The manuscript should not be copy or published any materials contained on the journal without the prior written permission of it or the appropriate copyright owner. The authors should sign the copyright agreement which presents inside the journal website and transfer it alongside with submitted manuscript. If authors submit any material to which they do not own copyright, they will need to secure permission to use the copyrighted materials. ohhp is a non-for-profit journal. As an open access( no charge) journal, ohhp makes all publications immediately available to any reader, any where. There is no publication fees and submission fees. All articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download upon publication. Permitted (re) use is defined by Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY).

Conflicts of interest

According to ICMJE guidelines, a conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author’s institution), reviewer or editor has personal or financial relationships that influence (bias) inappropriately his/her action (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment, and not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.

Open Access Policy

  • Occupational Hygeine and Health Promotion Journal dont recive charge for access to its papers. Full text download of all new and archived papers and Registration on OHHP website are free.
  • OHHP allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
  • OHHP lets others to distribute, remix, tweak and build upon their work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
  • OHHP has a registered deposit policy.
  • OHHP allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
  • OHHP allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  • OHHP doesnt recive any charge in this journal.
Page charge
There is no page charge for publication in this journal

Advertising Policy
The journal does not carry advertising, neither print nor online.

Archiving Policy

The articles published  is archived on our website and also in multiple international databases around the world including  to increase visibility and long-term digital preservation.
These archives include:

-Index Copernicus
- Google scholar
- Doaj
& others.


*All journal issues are archived in the School of Public Health library in Yazd Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. 

 


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